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featured management models

pest analysis:
 

pest analysis

n/a

  • topic: marketing & sales and strategic management
  • period: 1950-1959
Beginning in the 1950's, research on organisations emphasised the importance of understanding the wider meso- and macro-economic environment in which organisations operate. An organisation on its own cannot affect environmental factors, nor can environmental factors affect the profitability of an industry or an organisation. Conducting a strategic analysis...
 
three generic strategies: Porter, Michael E.
 

three generic strategies

Porter, Michael E.

  • topic: strategic management
  • period: 1980
Michael Porter regarded the selection of a defendable position within an industry as the end result of a competitive strategic analysis. He argued that successful, profitable companies generally choose to compete on either low costs or by differentiating their products to meet specific customer needs. Although these two strategic options are mutually exclusive,...
 
ep[r]g: Perlmutter, Howard V.
 

ep[r]g

Perlmutter, Howard V.

  • topic: culture & internationalisation and org. design & development
  • period: 1969
Dr. Howard V. Perlmutter is a world authority on globalisation and pioneer on the internationalisation of firms, cities and other institutions. Trained as a mechanical engineer and as a social psychologist, Perlmutter joined Wharton’s faculty in 1969. He specialised in the evolution of multinational corporations (MNCs) making predictions to how their viability...
 
z-score: Altman, Edward I.
 

z-score

Altman, Edward I.

  • topic: finance & accounting
  • period: 1968
The z-score model was developed to predict firm bankruptcy and provide a basis for safer investment decisions and better assessment of supplier and customer credit worthiness. Edward I. Altman first published the model in 1968. Altman holds a PhD in finance from the University of California and authored many articles and books on bankruptcy....