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featured management models

five forces: Porter, Michael E.

five forces

Porter, Michael E.

  • topic: strategic management
  • period: 1980
Michael Porter's innovative research in the 1980's changed managers' perceptions of their own industry's importance as a factor for their company's strategy. Business unit managers would now have to study their industry's characteristics since an industry's structure determines its relative economic attractiveness and hence, the profit potential of all companies...
seven dimensions of culture: Hampden-Turner, Charles, Trompenaars, Fons

seven dimensions of culture

Hampden-Turner, Charles, Trompenaars, Fons

  • topic: culture & internationalisation
  • period: 1998
In 1998, management consultants Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner published their “Seven Dimensions of Culture” model to help explain national cultural differences in organisations and to show how managing these differences in a heterogeneous business environment is a major challenge for international managers. Trompenaars and...
internationalisation process: Johanson, Jan, Vahlne, Jan-Erik

internationalisation process

Johanson, Jan, Vahlne, Jan-Erik

  • topic: culture & internationalisation and org. design & development
  • period: 1977
Jan Johanson and Jan-Erik Vahlne published their internationalisation process model in 1977 after they had worked with Finn Wiedersheim-Paul at the Uppsala University beginning in the 1960s. They saw internationalisation as a learning oriented process and studied past empirical studies on market selection and entry forms. Their model emphasised the gradual...
stage-gate innovation process: Cooper, Robert G.

stage-gate innovation process

Cooper, Robert G.

  • topic: innovation & risk, programme & project management and technology & operations
  • period: 1986
The Stage-Gate® model describes how a firm should structure its product development process using a sophisticated system of project phases and milestones. The model is based on 60 case studies on efficient product innovation processes. The product development process is seen as one of the key factors that determine the success of new products. The case...